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The Arrowsmiths were a cartographic dynasty which operated from the late-eighteenth century to the mid-nineteenth. The family business was founded by Aaron Arrowsmith (1750-1823), who was renowned for carefully prepared and meticulously updated maps, globes, and charts. He created many maps that covered multiple sheets and which were massive in total size. His spare yet exacting style was recognized around the world and mapmakers from other countries, especially the young country of the United States, sought his maps and charts as exemplars for their own work.

Aaron Arrowsmith was born in County Durham in 1750. He came to London for work around 1770, where he found employment as a surveyor for the city’s mapmakers. By 1790, he had set up his own shop which specialized in general charts. Arrowsmith had five premises in his career, most of which were located on or near Soho Square, a neighborhood the led him to rub shoulders with the likes of Joseph Banks, the naturalist, and Matthew Flinders, the hydrographer.

Through his business ties and employment at the Hydrographic Office, Arrowsmith made other important relationships with Alexander Dalrymple, the Hudson’s Bay Company, and others entities. In 1810 he became Hydrographer to the Prince of Wales and, in 1820, Hydrographer to the King.

Aaron Arrowsmith died in 1823, whereby the business and title of Hydrographer to the King passed to his sons, Aaron and Samuel, and, later, his nephew, John. Aaron Jr. (1802-1854) was a founder member of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) and left the family business in 1832; instead, he enrolled at Oxford to study to become a minister. Samuel (1805-1839) joined Aaron as a partner in the business and they traded together until Aaron left for the ministry. Samuel died at age 34 in 1839; his brother presided over his funeral. The remaining stock and copper plates were bought at auction by John Arrowsmith, their cousin.

John (1790-1873) operated his own independent business after his uncle, Aaron Arrowsmith Sr., died. After 1839, John moved into the Soho premises of his uncle and cousins. John enjoyed considerable recognition in the geography and exploration community. Like Aaron Jr., John was a founder member of the RGS and would serve as its unofficial cartographer for 43 years. Several geographical features in Australia and Canada are named after him. He carried the title Hydrographer to Queen Victoria. He died in 1873 and the majority of his stock was eventually bought by Edward Stanford, who co-founded Stanford’s map shop, which is still open in Covent Garden, London today.

Place/Date:
London / 1842
Size:
24 x 18.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
58052
Place/Date:
London / 1842
Size:
24 x 19 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
67941
Place/Date:
Philadelphia / 1841
Size:
50 x 62.5 inches
Condition:
Fair
Stock#:
54662
Place/Date:
London / 1808
Size:
15 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
64595
Place/Date:
Philadelphia / 1804
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
57222
Place/Date:
London / 1804 (1808)
Size:
59 x 48 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
64045

Archived

Place/Date:
London / 1825
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
10897
Place/Date:
Edinburgh / 1823
Size:
10.5 x 8.5 inches
Condition:
Stock#:
39157
Place/Date:
London / 1822
Size:
78 x 64 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
47578
Place/Date:
London / 1817
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
12342
Place/Date:
Edinburgh / 1817
Size:
8.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
3290
Place/Date:
London / 1817
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
5428
Place/Date:
Edinburgh / 1817
Size:
10.5 x 8.5 inches
Condition:
Stock#:
39862
Place/Date:
London / 1817
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
39884
Place/Date:
London / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11609
Place/Date:
London / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11610
Place/Date:
London / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11611
Place/Date:
London / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11612
Place/Date:
London / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11613
Place/Date:
Boston / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
4016
Place/Date:
Boston / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
m0114
Place/Date:
London / 1812
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
44670
Place/Date:
London / 1812
Size:
38 x 25.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
60832op
Place/Date:
London / 1811
Size:
57 x 47 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
2802
Place/Date:
London / 1810
Size:
64 x 52 inches (4 sheets)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
7287
Place/Date:
London / 1809
Size:
10 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
7089