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Description

First Appearance of Austin's Settlement In Texas

Nice example of the 1830 edition of Amos Lay's wall map of the United States, first published in May of 1827, the earliest obtainable printed map to include Austin's Settlement and the earliest map of the United States to emphasize Indian Settlements a distinct geographical regions.

Lay's map is unique in that it shows a  blue outline coloring for the major Sovereign Indian regions of the United States, including those in Missouri, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama and Arkansas.  The reservations are also delineated in Michigan, Illinois, and Indiana, but without blue color.

Carver's Indian Grant is noted in North West Territory, with a massive Missouri Territory to the west , crossed only by the "Route of the Traders from Missouri to New Mexico."  Further West in Arkansas Territory, Stephen Long's route to the Rocky Mountains along the South Fork is shown.

Streeter noted that the 1827 edition of the map is the earliest appearance of Austin's Settlement on a printed map, with the exception of a rare Mexico City imprint (the Galli Map), known in only one example. Streeter notes that the settlement, likely intended to be San Felipe de Austin, is incorrectly shown on the east bank of the Colorado River. The mythical Presidio of Nacogdoches is shown, not far from the coast between Galveston Bay and the Sabine River. St. Louis Bay is shown at the mouth of the Brazos.

States of the Map

Streeter notes the existence of the 1827 and 1830 editions. To this, we can add an 1829 edition, which we handled in 2015, and an 1832 edition.

We note the following changes between the present 1830 edition and the 1829 edition:

  • An additional road system has been added in Texas, linking Galveston Bay with Nacogdoches and the "Coshatta Indians" east of the Sabine River.
  • The counties and Indian lands in Arkansas have been substantially reconfigured, with new allotments for the Osage, Kickapoos, Delawares, and Shawnees. Reflecting the early Trail of Tears resettlements

Rarity

The Lay map is scarce on the market.

Reference
Streeter 1094; Ristow, W.W. (Amer M&M) p.99.