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Description

Striking pair of maps of the eastern and western hemispheres, published by Pinkerton.

Includes tracks of the various 18th century explorers in the western Pacific (Cook, Vancouver, La Perouse, etc.), along with excellent detail.

The northwest coast of America is still largely conjectural. The cartography of the west is based upon Humboldt, pre-dating Lewis & Clark's information. Several fanciful mountain ranges appear, as does a lake surrounded by mountains with no name. Interesting treatment of Alaska.

The maps were issued shortly after it was determined that Tasmania (Van Diemens Land) was in fact an island and not attached to the south coast of Australia.

John Pinkerton Biography

John Pinkerton (1758-1826) was Scottish literary critic, historian, poet, and geographer. From age twelve he educated himself at home in Edinburgh, as his father had declined to send him to university. His father instead apprenticed John to a lawyer, William Aytoun, but the boy did not like the legal profession. In his spare time, the young man wrote poetry and collected Scottish ballads, which he tried to have published. After the death of his father, Pinkerton moved to London in 1781, to be closer to the vibrant literary scene.

Pinkerton’s earliest publications were collections of ballads. However, a fellow critic uncovered that Pinkerton had forged several of the “ancient” poems and published accusations against Pinkerton in the Gentleman’s Magazine. Throughout the 1780s, Pinkerton published poetry, works on numismatics, and historical works. He corresponded with Sir Walter Scott, Horace Walpole, and Edward Gibbon, but most of his friendships ended in acrimony. Pinkerton was a hypochondriac, unorthodox about morality and religion, and a prickly personality who lived with several women during his lifetime, marrying illegally at least once.

After 1800, Pinkerton turned to geographical works. In 1802 he published Modern Geography, a text that was quite popular and translated into French and Italian. In 1808-15, he produced a New Modern Atlas, which was well received, followed by A General Collection of Voyages and Travels (1808-14). Soon after these projects, Pinkerton moved to Paris, where he lived until he died in 1826.