This handsome antique map of Indian Territory published by G.W. & C.B. Colton in New York in 1873 is a highly detailed and informative piece.
The map shows various Indian reservations, including those of the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache; the Chickasaw; the Choctaw; the Cheyennes and Arrapahoes; the Cherokee; the Creek; and many others.
One of the notable features of the map is the inclusion of Greer County, which was the subject of a contentious dispute between the state of Texas and the United States government. The controversy surrounding Greer County arose over a disagreement regarding the location of the border between Texas and the Indian Territory. Texas claimed that the border was the Red River, while the United States government maintained that it was the 100th meridian. This dispute was finally resolved in 1896 when the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the United States government, confirming the 100th meridian as the official border. This map, therefore, provides a fascinating glimpse into this historical conflict.
G. W. & C. B. Colton was a prominent family firm of mapmakers who were leaders in the American map trade in the nineteenth century. The business was founded by Joseph Hutchins Colton (1800-1893) who bought copyrights to existing maps and oversaw their production. By the 1850s, their output had expanded to include original maps, guidebooks, atlases, and railroad maps. Joseph was succeeded by his sons, George Woolworth (1827-1901) and Charles B. Colton (1831-1916). The firm was renamed G. W. & C. B. Colton as a result. George is thought responsible for their best-known work, the General Atlas, originally published under that title in 1857. In 1898, the brothers merged their business and the firm became Colton, Ohman, & Co., which operated until 1901, when August R. Ohman took on the business alone and dropped the Colton name.