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The Holy Roman Empire Retakes Budapest From The Ottoman Empire in 1686

Rare separately published broadside of the Siege of Buda (June 18, 1686 to September 9 1686), based upon the drawings of Captain L. N. D. Hallart (Ludwig Nicolaus Hallart).

Dated September 2, 1686, the image was created at the tail end of the Siege.

Fine depiction of one of the most historically important military events of the 17th Century The plan is based upon the on the spot drawings of Hallart, who was then serving as the general adjutant of Maximilian II (Maximilian Emanuel), the Elector of Bavaria.  The plan includes a the locations of nearly 30 points of interest on the battle field and an additional 57 notes showing the actions of specific commanders, including forces under the command of the Elector of Brandenberg, the Elector of Bavaria (for whom Hallart was serving as general adjutant) and the Holy Roman Imperial army.

The Holy Roman Empire retook Buda after 78 days, ending almost 150 years of Ottoman rule.

Hallart was a well regarded officer and military engineer, who participated in the Siege of Budapest. As noted by Nora Etenyi, this is one of several separately published views by Hallart, produced in collaboration with Michael Wening, produced several views illustrating the actions at Budapest and other places.

The [view] of the military engineer Louis Nicolas d’Hallart and court etcher Michael Wening (1645–1718), published between 1683 and 1691 as leaflets and parts of larger summaries, sought to represent the realistic conditions of the natural and built environment as well as the layouts of castles. Hallart and Wening published a large four-part view of Buda from the directions of the four points of the compass (west,35 north,36 east,37 and south) as well as a bird’s-eye view as early as 1684, following the unsuccessful siege of Buda. These were also included in a twenty-two piece series depicting the movements of the Bavarian elector’s armies in 1686.  

Published in Munich, a center of power for the Elector of Bavaria, the work was likely one of the most official and comprehensive accounts of the siege, shortly before its conclusion on September 9, 1686.


The view is very rare.  We note examples in the Székesfővárosi Történeti Múzeum and British Library (both apparently uncolored).

This is the only example we have seen on the market.

Nora G. Etenyi, Broadsheets with Engravings in a Manuscript Chronicle from Ulm: Visual Representations of the Hungarian Kingdom on German Political Leaflets during the War of Reconquest (1683–1699), p. 94.