Nice example of Thomas Jefferys's chart of the coast of Mexico, from Vera Cruz to north of Rio Soto La Marina. The map is detailed for its time and would have been of critical use to sailors traveling in the region. The map first appeared in Jefferys's West India Atlas.
The map shows Mexico City, Lake Texcoco, and the road to Vera Cruz in the south. The main river flowing through the map, which is called "Rio Grande de las Palmas" is today known as Rio Soto La Marina. "Mount Orizava" (Pico de Orizaba) is labeled "always Covered with Snow".
The Nautilus's track from Pensacola to Vera Cruz in November 1764 is shown just off the coast of Mexico, as is the track of the Flota from la Vera Cruz. The Nautilius played an important role in the English presence on the Gulf Coast in this period following the French & Indian War and was headed towards disputed territories as shown on this map.
Thomas Jefferys (ca. 1719-1771) was a prolific map publisher, engraver, and cartographer based in London. His father was a cutler, but Jefferys was apprenticed to Emanuel Bowen, a prominent mapmaker and engraver. He was made free of the Merchant Taylors’ Company in 1744, although two earlier maps bearing his name have been identified.
Jefferys had several collaborators and partners throughout his career. His first atlas, The Small English Atlas, was published with Thomas Kitchin in 1748-9. Later, he worked with Robert Sayer on A General Topography of North America (1768); Sayer also published posthumous collections with Jefferys' contributions including The American Atlas, The North-American Pilot, and The West-India Atlas.
Jefferys was the Geographer to Frederick Prince of Wales and, from 1760, to King George III. Thanks especially to opportunities offered by the Seven Years' War, he is best known today for his maps of North America, and for his central place in the map trade—he not only sold maps commercially, but also imported the latest materials and had ties to several government bodies for whom he produced materials.
Upon his death in 1771, his workshop passed to his partner, William Faden, and his son, Thomas Jr. However, Jefferys had gone bankrupt in 1766 and some of his plates were bought by Robert Sayer (see above). Sayer, who had partnered in the past with Philip Overton (d. 1751), specialized in (re)publishing maps. In 1770, he partnered with John Bennett and many Jefferys maps were republished by the duo.