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Description

Rare antique engraved pair of two maps of Antarctic interest on a single sheet, first issued by Cornelis Wytfliet in 1597.

Wytfliet's map is essentially a southern hemisphere map with one sliver of it (the Strait of Magellan) expanded into its own inset map.

The general (bottom) map features a fascinating depiction of the great southern continent, Terra Australis, constituting an amalgamation of the as-yet-undiscovered Australia and Antarctica. In the Australian section of Terra Australis, the coastline is given an undulating form, hinting at some of the potential half-discoveries of Portuguese and other sailors. This probably represents a reprojection of information from Plancius (e.g., his 1592 world map) whose work was the source for most of Wytfliet's other maps.

The Strait of Magellan map includes the ill-fated Magellan-founded Spanish colony of Philippopolis. That colony, like the Philippines, was named after Philip, Prince of Asturias (1527-1598), later Philip II of Spain.

This is the second state, with the date "1597" incompletely erased from the title.

This map is the progenitor of the Quad-Bussembachaer map of the same title, issued in 1600. The map was also copied by Metellus in 1598.

Condition Description
Wide margins. A few small rust spots.
Cornelis van Wytfliet Biography

Cornelius de Wytfliet (ca.1550-ca. 1597) was a Flemish cartographer most famous for his Descriptionis Ptolemaicae Augmentum. The work was published in Louvain, Belgium, and had nineteen maps of the Americas.