Striking example of the 1826 edition of Mississippi rom Finley's General Atlas.
The map is hand colored by counties and shows towns, roads, rivers, mountains and other geographical features.
This first state of the map can be identified by the absence of Yazoo Lower Town and Hoomisha Town in the Choctaw Indian lands, which do not appear until the second edition of the map.
Excellent Indian detail in the Northern two-thirds of the state, which lacks a number of Northern Counties. The original massive Hindes Parish below the Choctaw Indian lands has not yet been subdivided into Washington, Yazoo, Madison, Copia and Simpson Parishes.
The later editions also show several Missionary Stations in the Indian lands which are not present in the early states of the map, while the early Indian Agencies begin to disappear.
Anthony Finley (1784-1836) was an American map publisher. Little is known about his life. He is presumed to have been born in Philadelphia, where he also died. A publisher, Finley was also involved in several Philadelphia civic and professional societies such as the Philadelphia Apprentices’ Library. He may have been in business as early as 1809 and his first publication dates from ca. 1811.
His first maps also date from this year, with two maps in Daniel Edward Clarke’s Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa. The first atlas published by Finley appeared in 1818, the Atlas classica, or, Select maps of ancient geography, both sacred and profane, for the use of colleges and schools in the United States. He is best known for his A New General Atlas Comprising a Complete Set of Maps (1824), which was a bestseller. There were two editions in 1824, with annual editions until 1834.
Finley was part of the first generation of American publishers who produced high quality, precise maps on American soil. He was in competition with other Philadelphia publishers, for example Henry S. Tanner. Finley’s A New American Atlas Designed Principally to Illustrate the Geography of the United States of America (1826) closely mirrors Tanner’s A New American Atlas Containing Maps of the Several States of the North American Union, with similar groupings of maps; the main difference is the smaller scale of Finley’s maps. Finley printed two editions of this atlas.