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Description

Remarkable large format map of Los Angeles by Laura L. Whitlock of the Los Angeles Railway, printed by the Times Mirror Printing & Binding House of Los Angeles.

The map focuses on the lines of the Los Angeles Railway (yellow), Pacific Electric Railway (red) and the Glendale & Eagle Rock Railway.

The map illustrates radial distances from downtown. There is a list of Los Angeles Railway lines on inside front and back wrappers.The map is dated 1911, with wrapper stating Revised 1912.

This map shows the remarkable development of the Los Angeles streetcar system as of 1911.

Of equal note, the map is the work of Laura L. Whitlock, "the official mapmaker of Los Angeles County" during the teens and "the only woman map publisher in the country" at that point.

Laura was born in Iowa but migrated west with her mother, first to Nebraska and later to Los Angeles in 1895. She again taught music at 6th and Hill, but by 1901, she took a job at a florist who shared quarters with a tourist information bureau.

In 1907, she was selected president of the Pacific Coast Travel club and commenced her career making and selling maps. During this time she studied all manner of railroad and engineering maps and put together six plates of an official map of the city, while working out of her office in the Los Angeles Times building. Unfortunately, all of these originals were destroyed when the Times building was bombed on October 1, 1910, forcing her to rebuild from scratch, while defending against pirated copies of her maps.

She became an aggressive litigant, preserving her map copyrights. Ultimatelyw inning a substantial.

After the settlement, she set up shop in the Exchange Building where she created this fine map as well as one of the Pacific Electric Interurban Railway System that recalls all of the stations along the routes. The maps were announced in late January 1911 and published the next month with great success. The map seen here is very large and detailed, especially in the rail lines (which were Whitlock's passion). We can see the yellow lines of the LARY (Los Angeles Railway), the red lines of the PE (Pacific Electric) and the black of Glendale and Montrose railway. There is an excellent rendering of the Los Angeles River with many other landmarks present: Exposition Park before the Coliseum, Watts when it was agricultural, the early iterations of Hollywood, the Silver Lake reservoir, and Eagle Rock Valley, along with assorted neighborhoods (Pico Heights, Annandale, Boyle Heights, Arlington Heights). In the upper left is the San Fernando Valley, which became suddenly vital, upon its new nourishment, by the water of the Los Angeles Aqueduct.

The map is quite rare on the market, this being the first example we have ever seen offered for sale.

Laura L. Whitlock Biography

Laura L. Whitlock, "the official mapmaker of Los Angeles County" during the teens and "the only woman map publisher in the country" at that point.

Whitlock was American cartographer, map publisher, and travel professional known for her contributions to the mapping and travel industries in the early 20th century.   Born in Iowa, Laura L. Whitlock relocated with her mother, Phoebe A. Whitlock, from Nebraska to Los Angeles in 1895. Initially trained as a music teacher, she soon transitioned into a career that would establish her as a prominent figure in the cartography and travel sectors.

Whitlock began her professional journey in California as an "excursion agent" and tour guide, organizing and leading trips to notable destinations such as the Colorado River and the Grand Canyon in 1895 and 1896. In 1903, she expanded her endeavors by opening a "travel and hotel bureau" in downtown Los Angeles. By 1907, she had risen to the presidency of the Pacific Coast Travel Club and managed a card catalog registry and information bureau for Shriners attending a national conference in Los Angeles.

Her office was located in the Los Angeles Times building, which was tragically bombed in 1910, damaging some of her work. Undeterred, Whitlock published "The Official Transportation and City Map" for Los Angeles in 1911. This map was notable for its comprehensive coverage, including exclusive data from electric railway officers, making it a unique and valuable resource at the time.

Whitlock faced significant challenges regarding copyright infringement of her maps. She was vigilant in pursuing legal action against those who copied her work without permission. Notably, printer N. Bowditch Blunt was criminally convicted for copying her maps, marking the first criminal conviction for copyright violation in the United States. Whitlock also sued the Los Angeles Map and Address Company and the Security Savings Bank for selling unauthorized copies of her maps. In 1918, she brought a lawsuit against the city engineer of Los Angeles for creating unauthorized copperplates of her maps, which was settled out of court.