Second day plan of the first edition of Bachelder's fine set of plans of the Battle Field of Gettysburg, showing the action on the battle field on July 1, July 2 and July 3, 1863.
The maps provide a detailed look at the troop positions and troop movements on each of the three days, with the Union Troops shown in Blue and the Confederate Troops shown in Red. A more detailed look at each of the sheets can be seen at the following links:
- First Day /gallery/enlarge/33542a
- Second Day /gallery/detail/33542b
- Third Day /gallery/detail/33542c
- Complete set /gallery/detail/33542
The map notes signal stations with crossed flags. Near each building is a letter,m indicatng its structure. W stands for wood, B for Brick, S. for Stone. Fences are also designated based upon the method of construction.
At the bottom of te map, the various Commanding officers for each army are identified, Confederate to the left, Union to the right. Various shading codes identify the first position, intermediated positions, evening positions and all day positions.
As noted in the top margin, "Certain lines of breastworks are shown whichk, however, were in many instances thrown up after the fighting ceased."
A remarkably detailed plan of the action, the most detailed graphical account of the battle available to collectors.
John Bachelder (1825-1894) was a painter, lithographer, photographer and historian. Early in his career he produced an important and appealing body of work depicting sites and cities in the northeastern United States. On his own initiative he traveled to Gettysburg immediately after the battle, where he spent no fewer than 84 days traversing the field, making sketches, and interviewing witnesses to the events. Later that year he published a spectacular and detailed bird’s-eye view of Gettysburg, his first published depiction of the battlefield. He went on to become the preeminent 19th-century historian of the battle and for years served as director of the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association.