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G. W. & C. B. Colton was a prominent family firm of mapmakers who were leaders in the American map trade in the nineteenth century. Its founder, Joseph Hutchins Colton (1800-1893), was a Massachusetts native, born in 1800. Colton did not start in the map trade, rather, he worked in a general store from 1816 to 1829 and then as a night clerk at the United States Post Office in Hartford, Connecticut. By 1830, he was in New York City. That was where he set up his publishing business a year later.

The first printed item with his imprint is dated 1833, a reprint of S. Stiles & Company’s edition of David Burr’s map of the state of New York. He also printed John Disturnell’s map of New York City in 1833. Next, in 1835, Colton published John Farmer’s important maps of Michigan and Wisconsin. Colton’s next cartographic venture was in 1835, when he acquired the rights to John Farmer’s seminal maps of Michigan and Wisconsin. Another early and important Colton work is his Topographical Map of the City and County of New York and the Adjacent Country (1836). In 1839 Colton began issuing his Western Tourist and Emigrant’s Guide, which was originally issued by J. Calvin Smith.

During this first decade, Colton did not have a resident map engraver; he relied upon copyrights purchased from other map makers, most often S. Stiles & Company, and later Stiles, Sherman & Smith. Smith was a charter member of the American Geographical and Statistical Society, as was John Disturnell. This connection would bear fruit for Colton during the early period in his career, helping him to acquire the rights to several great maps. By 1850, the Colton firm was one of the primary publishers of guidebooks and immigrant and railroad maps, known for the high-quality steel plate engravings with decorative borders and hand watercolors.

In 1846, Colton published Colton’s Map of the United States of America, British Possessions . . . his first venture into the wall map business. This work would be issued until 1884 and was the first of several successful wall maps issued by the firm, including collaborative works with D.G. Johnson. From the 1840s to 1855, the firm focused on the production of railroad maps. Later, it published a number of Civil War maps.

In 1855, Colton finally issued his first atlas, Colton’s Atlas of the World, issued in two volumes in 1855 and 1856, but later, in 1857, the work was reduced to a single volume under the title of Colton’s General Atlas, which was published in largely the same format until 1888. It is in this work that George Woolworth (G. W.) Colton’s name appears for the first time.

Born in 1827 and lacking formal training as a mapmaker, G. W. joined his father’s business and would later help it to thrive. His brother Charles B. (C. B.) Colton would also join the firm. Beginning in 1859, the General Atlas gives credit to Johnson & Browning, a credit which disappears after 1860, when Johnson & Browning launched their own atlas venture, Johnson’s New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas . . .which bears Colton’s name as the publisher in the 1860 and 1861 editions.

J.H. Colton also published a number of smaller atlases and school geographies, including his Atlas of America (1854-56), his Illustrated Cabinet Atlas (1859), Colton’s Condensed Cabinet Atlas of Descriptive Geography (1864) and Colton’s Quarto Atlas of the World (1865). From 1850 to the early 1890s, the firm also published several school atlases and pocket maps. The firm continued until the late 1890s, when it merged with a competitor and then ceased to trade under the name Colton.

Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
25 x 16.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
42209
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
46368
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
46361
Place/Date:
New York / 1872
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
47956
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
48587
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
49207
Place/Date:
New-York / 1865
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
49334
Place/Date:
New York / 1872
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
49406
Place/Date:
New York / 1872
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
49401
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
20.5 x 28 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
60108
Place/Date:
New York / 1853
Size:
16 x 12.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
55034
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
50860
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
51023
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
51377
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
51376
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
51707
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
51847
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
52333
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
26 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
53757
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
53857
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
53800
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
53921
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
53940
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
54043
Place/Date:
New York / 1867
Size:
24 x 17.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
54937
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
55272
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
55430
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
55500
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
55599
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG-
Stock#:
55696
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
56003
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
56237
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
56316
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
56481
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
56657
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
56843
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
57304
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
57401

Archived

Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0012
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
25 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0257
Place/Date:
New York / 1854
Size:
27 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
1068p
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0437
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0444
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0446
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0447
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0494
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0543
Place/Date:
New York / 1864
Size:
26 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0564
Place/Date:
New York / 1858
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0573
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0598
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0605
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0607
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
16 x 12.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0637
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0700
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0766
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
24058
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0862
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0866
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0928
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0965
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0966
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0969
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0970
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0971
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0973
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0975
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0976
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0977
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0978
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0979
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0980
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0981
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
25 x 15.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0986
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
26 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0987
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0988
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0989
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0990
Place/Date:
New York / 1862
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
10110
Place/Date:
New York / 1862
Size:
27 x 19 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
10343
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
10601
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
10649
Place/Date:
New York / 1858
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
10650
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
10752
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
10753
Place/Date:
New York / 1858
Size:
25 x 16.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
10754