Excellent Victorian-era map of Australia with an inset of Tasmania, labeled Van Diemen's Land in Gray's previous edition.
Extremely detailed for an American atlas map, especially in the interior. Colored by territory and referencing Alexandra Land in the interior of Northwest Territory.
The transcontinental telegraph line is shown extending north and south. Names many towns, railroads, mountains, rivers, rocks, coral reefs, lakes, and includes many elevations. The districts in NSW, Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia are also named. Neither Canberra nor Cairns appears on the map. The most northerly settlement in Queensland is Cardwell. Darwin and Southport appear in Northern Territory, both on the Overland Telegraph line. Farther down the line is the Alice Springs Telegraph Station. Ayers Rock, named by William Gosse in 1873, and Mount Olga, named by Ernest Giles in 1872, are in the southernmost part of Alexandra Land.
O. W. Gray was a publishing firm based in Philadelphia. Later, they published as O. W. Gray & Son. They published atlases in the late nineteenth century. Gray's National Atlas was one of the most successful commercial ventures of the 1870s and one of the last to employ hand coloring on maps.