Very rare Italian bird's-eye view map of the city of Toledo in central Spain.
The plan was engraved by Ambrogio Brambilla for the printer Pietro de Nobili and was made in the same year as his plan of Seville.
The source for the map might be the drawing of Joris Hoefnagel (1566) whose view of the city was included in Braun & Hogenberg's Civitates Orbis Terrarum, in 1572. However, the perspective is changed in this view.
The map includes an extensive legend at the bottom, which was derived from a source other than Hoefnagel and Braun & Hogenberg.
Research by Bifolco & Ronca shows that the plates were in Pietro de Nobili's inventory list and present on May 30, 1589, when the inventory was inherited by his son, Pietro Paolo. The plates subsequently went to Giovanni Orlandi, which he printed in 1602.
Bifolco & Ronca's 2nd state (of 2), though a third state is possible, based on the sale of the Orlandi plates to Hendrick van Schoel in 1614.