Very rare Russian-language map of South America, published in St. Petersburg in 1836.
This is evidently a later state of the map, as one can make out an erased key under the title.
The map gives a numbered list of the countries under the image. Numbers 1-3 are English, Netherlands, and French (parts of Guyana, respectively).
Antarctica is labeled "Нов. Южн. Шотландія" (New South Scotland).
The map comes from the 1836 edition of Всеобщий атлас или собрание карт всего земного шара, изданный для пользы юношества и сверенный с географиею Арсеньева и других Федором Позняковым. Второе издание, исправленное и дополненное 7 картами, выгравированными г. Фроловым. This translates as The universal atlas or collection of maps of the entire globe. Published for the benefit of youth and verified by the geography of Arsenyev and others by Fyodor Poznyakov. Second revised edition with additional 7 maps engraved by g. Frolov. That atlas was first published in 1829 (with an additional run printed in 1833), then for this second edition in 1836, and again in 1843 as the third edition. The second edition is in neither the RSL nor NLR.
Fyodor Poznyakov (1797-1835) was a Russian military topographer and mapmaker. He began his career in 1822. He supervised the 1825 General map of Asian Russia by the latest division into provinces, regions, and coastal administrations [Generalnaya karta Aziatskoy Rossii po noveyshemu razdeleniyu na gubernii, oblasti i primorskie upravleniya].
Konstantin Arsenyev (1789-1865) was a Russian academic, scientist, topographer, statistics specialist. He was an important figure of his era, held the title of Privy Councillor, was teaching geography to Alexander II - while being an avid advocate of the free peasant labor as opposed to serfdom. Arsenyev also was one of the founders of the Russian Geographical Society. His textbook "Brief General Geography" - first published in 1818 - was the most important textbook on the topic for over 30 years.