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Graphic broadside showing anti-Chinese activist Denis Kearney behind bars, while being tormented by a group of Chinese men, following his arrest for inciting a riot.

"The Chinese Must Go!" was the slogan of the Working Man's Party of California during the 1870s.  Denis Kearney, the leader of the Party, often concluded speeches to his followers with this anti-Chinese slogan. The party resented Chinese worker's acceptance of lower wages, poorer conditions and longer hours than white workers.  

On July 24, 1877, at one of the party rallies, Kearney incited a riot.  Men gathered for a demonstration on Mission Street at the US Mint, near the Mission Wool Mills, an major Chinese employer.  The next night, a crowd gathered at the Pacific Mail docks, where Chinese workers arrived from Asia.  The demonstrators set fire to a lumberyard and then attacked the firefighters.  In the ensuing riot, police shot 4 rioters dead.


I.N. Choynski was among the first antiquarian booksellers in San Francisco.