The First Map of Wisconsin Territory
Nice example of what is likely the first printed map of Wisconsin Territory, by David Burr, Draughtsman to the House of Representatives.
The map includes all of present day Minnesota, the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and most of the Dakotas.
The western extent is the Missouri River up to the White Earth River. Outline coloring shows eight districts and numerous land parcels allocated to the various Indian tribes and areas ceded by the Sioux, Sac, and Fox. Filled with detail of forts, ferries, towns and villages including Wisconsin City and Milwaukee. Hydrology is well developed and there is considerable geographic data, preceding Nicolett's map of the Upper Mississippi Region.
Wisconsin Territory was created by an act of the United States Congress on April 20, 1836. The new territory initially included all of the present day states of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa, as well as parts of North and South Dakota. The present map accompanied the report of Z. Casey and is likely the first printed map of Wisconsin Territory.
David H. Burr studied law, passing the New York Bar Exam, and then surveying under Simeon DeWitt in New York. His first atlas was an atlas of New York State (1829), the second state atlas to be issued in the US (after Mills’ Atlas of South Carolina in 1826). In the 1830s, he served as the official topographer for the US Post Office, producing a series of rare and highly sought-after large-format state maps. He also created a map of the country’s postal routes, which features roads, canals, and railroads. Burr traveled to London to work with John Arrowsmith; together, they produced the American Atlas in 1839.
Upon his return to the States, Burr was appointed as a draftsman for the House of Representatives, where he worked until ca. 1841. He later worked for the Louisiana Survey and the Florida Survey. By 1850, he was back in Washington D. C., working on the census. In 1852, the Senate named Burr as the draftsman to compile maps from the Federal Surveys. In 1853, Burr traveled to San Francisco, perhaps as part of his work for the Senate. He was then named as the Surveyor General of Utah in 1855. However, he was unpopular there and returned to Washington D. C. by 1870. Burr is widely regarded as one of the most important names in the nineteenth-century American history of cartography.