Fine Example of J.B. Homann's Wall Map of Hungary,
Detailed early 18th century map of the region between Dalmatia, Serbia, Transylvania and Poland, centered on the Kingdom of Hungary
Includes two decorative cartouches, the one at the right showing the Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg and Prince Eugene of Savoy, with views of the battles of Belgrade and Temeswar beyond.
The map was made to show the new boundaries as proscribed by the Treaty of Passarowitz on July 21, 1718 between the Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Monarch of Austria and the Republic of Venice on the other. The treaty was entered at the conclusion of the Austro-Turkish War of 1716-1718, after the defeat of the Ottomans at Petrovaradin 1716. The treaty awarded the Kingdom of Serbia, north Bosnia, Banat of Temeswar and Lesser Wallachia, to the Hapsburgs, creating the largest Hungarian boundaries under the Habsburg Empire.
The map is based on the monumental map of the Hungarian empire by Johann Christoph Müller (1673 - 1721), a German born engineer and cartographer, serving for the Austrian army. Müller was the leading Austrian mapmaker of his time and also published the first accurate maps of Bohemia and Moravia.
Johann Baptist Homann (1663-1724) was a mapmaker who founded the famous Homann Heirs publishing company. He lived his entire life in Bavaria, particularly in Nuremberg. Initially, Johann trained to become a priest before converting to Protestantism and working as a notary.
In 1702, Johann founded a publishing house that specialized in engravings. The firm flourished, becoming the leading map publisher in Germany and an important entity in the European map market. In 1715, Johann was named Imperial Geographer to the Holy Roman Empire by Charles VI and made a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. Most importantly for his business, his reputation and contacts gained him imperial printing privileges which protected his publications and recommended him to customers. Johann is best known for this Grosser Atlas ueber die ganze Welt, or the Grand Atlas of the World, published in 1716.
After Johann died in 1724, the business passed to his son, Christoph (1703-1730). Upon Christoph’s early death, the company passed to subsequent heirs, with the name of the company changing to Homann Erben, or Homann Heirs. The firm continued in business until 1848.