The First Views Taken by Europeans in the Himalayas.
Fine hand-colored aquatint view engraved by Robert Havell & Son, after artwork by J. B. Fraser.
The British Library describes the subject of the view thusly:
The fortress at Raeengarh was perched on a bleak ridge, overlooking the river Pabbar, a tributary of the Tons. It was in the little principality of Rawain and therefore under the control of the princely state of Bushair. One of the last strongholds of the Gurkhas, it was important that the British gain it. James Fraser described it as "perfectly calculated to resist storm".
James Baillie Fraser
James Baillie Fraser (June 11, 1783 - January 1856) was a Scottish explorer, artist, and travel writer who wrote extensively about India, the Himalayas, Persia, and Central Asia.
Fraser traveled to India with the intention of setting up a trading operation and thereby extricating his family from debt incurred by a failed sugar operation in the West Indies. In 1815, Fraser went to meet his brother William (then an employee of the East India Company) in Dehli. William had been appointed to work as a political agent in the Anglo-Nepalese War. James met him in the hilly region northeast of Delhi and began to sketch the scenery of the Himalayas. He later traveled the region, seeking the source of the rivers Yamuna and Ganga. The sketches taken on this expedition were printed as Views in the Himala Mountains in 1820.
On 18 June 1815 Fraser and his brother William reached Urshalun, near to where the Nepalese General Kirti Rana had surrendered. Three days later James celebrated his 32nd birthday by climbing the peak, Tiba, behind the village.
Fraser's works include:
- Journal of a Tour through Part of the Himala Mountains and to the Sources of the Jumna and the Ganges (1820)
- A Narrative of a Journey into Khorasan in the Years 1821 and 1822, including some Account of the Countries to the North-East of Persia (1825)
- Travels and Adventures in the Persian Provinces on the Southern Banks of the Caspian Sea (1826)
- Travels in Koordistan, Mesopotamia, etc. (1840)
- Mesopotamia and Assyria (1842)
- Military Memoirs of Col. James Skinner (1851).