Detailed map of the region bounded by Afghanistan and Pakistan in the west and western China on the east, showing most of India and extending north to the Himalayas and south to the Indian Ocean.
Nicolas Sanson revolutionized map making in the mid-17th century by striving to make his maps more precise and scientific than his Dutch colleagues, including more detail and less embellishment and fantasy. His work marks the beginning of the end of Dutch dominance of the map trade and the start of the period where the French were at the forefront of the science of cartography.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps. His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Previously, Sanson had worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde.