One of the earliest plans of the Green Bay area featuring 66 named landowners on the Fox River. Inset "View of the Settlement of the Kakalin or Great Rapids on the Fox River" shows additional landowners.
French-Canadian settlers had been established at Green Bay for many years when, after the War of 1812, the United States assumed effective control of the area. The settlers were anxious that their land titles be confirmed. A federal commissioner investigated their claims and this map accompanied his report.
The traditional "long lots" carry the names of many of the earliest and most influential fur trade era families-- Grignon, Porlier, Dousman, Lawe, and Vieau.
The General Land Office (GLO) refers to the independent agency in the United States that was in charge of public domain lands. Created in 1812, it assumed the responsibilities for public domain lands from the United States Department of the Treasury. The Treasury had overseen the survey of the Northwest Territory, but as more area was added to the United States, a new agency was necessary to survey the new lands.
Eventually, the GLO would be responsible for the surveying, platting, and sale of the majority of the land west of the Mississippi, with the exception of Texas. When the Secretary of the Interior was created in 1849, the GLO was placed under its authority. Until the creation of the Forest Service in 1905, the GLO also managed forest lands that had been removed from public domain. In additional to managing the fees and sales of land, the GLO produced maps and plans of the areas and plots they surveyed. In 1946, the GLO merged with the United States Grazing Service to become the Bureau of Land Management.