Scarce separately issued folding map of the United States, issued on the eve of the American Civil War.
North Carolina is not included in the Confederate States on this map, as it seceded from the Union seven days after this map was made, on May 20, 1861.
In addition to denoting the states which had left the Union prior to May 13, 1861, the map shows a number of ephemeral Western Territorial Configurations, including:
- New Mexico Territory above Arizona Territory (the so-called Baylor Line)
- Oversized Utah Territory, prior to the two reductions in size which Congress would effecuate over the next several years.
- Truncated Nevada Territory: Las Vegas area (not named) still part of New Mexico Territory
- Washington and Oregon Territory extending to the Rocky Mountains, pre-dating creation of Idaho Territory
- Massive Nebraska Territory, extending from Kansas to Canada and from the Missouri to the Rocky Mountains, incorporating the future states of Montana and Wyoiming.
The map is quite rare on the market. We note only a single recorded example at auction (Charlton Hall Galleries), which sold in 2006 for $1,100.00.
Edward Stanford (1827-1904) was a prominent British mapmaker and publisher. A native of Holborn in the heart of London, Edward was apprenticed to a printer and stationer at the age of 14. After his first master died, he worked with several others, including Trelawny W. Saunders of Charing Cross. Saunders oversaw young Edward’s early career, ensuring that he became a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. Associations with the Society eventually brought Sanders much business and gave him a reputation as a publisher of explorers. As testament to this reputation, the Stanford Range in British Columbia was named for him by John Palliser.
Stanford briefly partnered with Saunders in 1852 before striking out on his own in 1853. He was an agent for the Ordnance Survey, the Admiralty, the Geological Survey, the Trigonometrical Survey of India, and the India Office. He also controlled the maps of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, another lucrative source of income. In 1857, Stanford founded his namesake Geographical Establishment, with Saunders and A. K. Johnston as engravers. Thereafter, Stanford was known for his “library maps”, particularly those of Africa and Asia.
Although he had authored many maps, the Harrow Atlas of Modern Geography and a similar volume on classical geography, Stanford is better remembered today as the leader of a successful map business. Ever in search of more inventory, he acquired the plates and stock of John Arrowsmith, heir of the Arrowmsith family firm, in 1874. By 1881 he employed 87 people at his premises at 6 Charing Cross Road, Saunders’ old address. As he aged, he phased in his son Edward Jr. to run the business. He died in 1904. The business survived him, and the Stanford’s shop is still a prominent London landmark today.