Fascinating map of Asia, illustrating the theories of the Jesuit scholar Athanasius Kircher, from his Mundus Subterraneous.
Kircher was one of the first compilers of semi-scientific knowledge about the physical features of the world. This very unusual map depicts all of southern Asia from the Arabian peninsula to the Philippines including the East Indies to the Celebes. It extends north to show part of the Caspian Sea. The principal regions and countries named, plus the major rivers, lakes and mountains.
A huge subterranean lake in the area of Nepal and Tibet is the principle source for most of the rivers in Asia. Decorative title cartouche features angels or putti, and Neptune.