Exceedingly rare late state of W.L. Nicholson's map of the mountain regions of North Carolina and Tennessee, originally published by the Government during the Civil War, under the auspices of the US Coast Survey.
A prior incarnation of the map was originally compiled and drawn by Nicholson and the Lindenkohl Brothers in 1863 and revised in 1864 and thereafter. This edition would seem to have been drawn from a later edition, first issued in 1865, as there significant differences in the two maps which preclude the source being the original 1863 plate.
During the War, the US realized that it was woefully short of good maps of the southern parts of the United States. At the time, the most technically competent map makers were working with the United States Coast Survey. Under the direction of A.D. Bache, the mapmakers, including the Lindenkohl brothers, created a number of detailed maps, which they compiled from the best available government and private sources.
Finely detailed map covering parts of the states of Tennessee, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky and Alabama, showing relief by hachures, drainage, names and boundaries of states, roads, and railroads. Part of the route of the "proposed military railroad from Nicholasville & Lebanon" is indicated.
We have been unable to determine any information as to the reasons for the production of this map. As the US Coast & Geodetic Survey produced very few land maps, the map is indeed a curious production.