True first edition of Mitchell's desireable early map of Texas, immediately prior to the start of the Civil War. The state is dissected by the Santa Fe Route, with early railroads radiating from Houston. The western part of the state is dominated by 4 huge counties, El Paso, Presidio, Bexar Territory and Young Territory. Large inset of Galveston Bay Nice early example of the map with a dark impression of the decorative border. Unusually nice color.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell Jr. inherited the Mitchell Company from his father in 1860. For over thirty years, the company had specialized in the production of school atlases and wall maps of America. They were one of the pioneers on engraving on steel plates. In 1860, Samuel Jr. released the New General Atlas, which had been compiled in house and replaced a previous atlas by Tanner. The elder Mitchell died in 1868 and Samuel Jr. continued the business until the 1890s. At its height, the Mitchell Company employed 250 people and sold 400,000 publications annually.