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Valentijn was born in 1666 in Dordrecht, Holland, but spent significant time in the tropics, notably in Ambon, in the Maluku Archipelago. In total, Valentijn lived in the East Indies 16 years. Valentijn was first employed by the Dutch V.O.C. or East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie), at the age of 19, where he served as Minister to the East Indies. He returned to Holland for about ten years, before returning to the Indies in 1705, where he was to serve as Army Chaplain on an expedition in eastern Java. He again returned to Dordrecht where he wrote his Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien (1724-26), a massive work of five parts published in eight volumes and containing over one thousand illustrations and including some of the most accurate maps of the Indies of the time. He died in The Hague, Netherlands, in 1727.

Valentijn likely had access to the V.O.C.'s archive of maps and geographic secrets which they had always guarded jealously. Johannes Van Keulen II became Hydrographer to the V.O.C. in the same year Valentijn's book was published. It was in Van Keulens time that many of the VOC charts were published, one signal of the decline of Dutch dominance in Spice Trade. Valentijn was fortunate to have seen his work published, as the VOC (Dutch East India Company) strictly enforced a policy prohibiting former employees from publishing anything about the region or their colonial administration. And while, as Suárez notes, by the mid-18th Century the Dutch no longer feared sharing geographic secrets, the execution of this policy was still erratic and based on personal motives.

While Valentijn's maps and diagrams were prized possessions, his scholarship, judging by contemporary standards, was not of the highest integrity. While current standards of referencing and plagiarism were not in effect during the 18th Century, Valentijn's borrowed liberally from other scientists' and writers. E.M Beekman referred to Valentijn as an "exasperating Dutch braggart," but nevertheless cites him as an important figure and given his writing style, diction and penchant for story, one of the greatest Dutch prose writers of the time-going so far as to suggest comparison between one of the various stories in his work and a Chaucerian tale.

Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
15 x 13.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
41893
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
46064
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
14.5 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
46458
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
46720
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724 circa
Size:
15 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
64394
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
15.5 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
64606
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
22 x 17.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
74660
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724 circa
Size:
14.5 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
74726
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
23.5 x 20 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
74953
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1725 circa
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
52300
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1725 circa
Size:
22 x 17.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
74640
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1725 circa
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75699
Place/Date:
Dordrecht / 1726
Size:
21 x 17.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
41705
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1726
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
74787
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1726
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
74813
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1726
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
74992
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1728 circa
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0247gh
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1728 circa
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0098gh
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1728 circa
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75668

Archived

Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
15.5 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
23216
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
23 x 18 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
23248
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
26 x 20 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
23875
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
26 x 20 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0201gh
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
30 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0251gh
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
24 x 20 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
30685
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
15.5 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
31403
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
21.5 x 17.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
33139
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
26 x 20 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
38525
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724 circa
Size:
15.5 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
42153
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
26 x 20 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
42747
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724 circa
Size:
15.5 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
44361
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724 circa
Size:
14.5 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
44365
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724 circa
Size:
15 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
44366
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
26 x 20 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
44549
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
10 x 14 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
46036
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724 circa
Size:
15.5 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
51241
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1724
Size:
15.5 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
64258
Place/Date:
Dordrecht / 1726
Size:
21.5 x 17.5 inches
Condition:
VG-
Stock#:
41701
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1726
Size:
13.8 x 10.2 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
55632
Place/Date:
Amsterdam / 1726
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
74885