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Sebastian Münster (1488-1552) was a cosmographer and professor of Hebrew who taught at Tübingen, Heidelberg, and Basel. He settled in the latter in 1529 and died there, of plague, in 1552. Münster made himself the center of a large network of scholars from whom he obtained geographic descriptions, maps, and directions.

As a young man, Münster joined the Franciscan order, in which he became a priest. He then studied geography at Tübingen, graduating in 1518. He moved to Basel, where he published a Hebrew grammar, one of the first books in Hebrew published in Germany. In 1521 Münster moved again, to Heidelberg, where he continued to publish Hebrew texts and the first German-produced books in Aramaic. After converting to Protestantism in 1529, he took over the chair of Hebrew at Basel, where he published his main Hebrew work, a two-volume Old Testament with a Latin translation.

Münster published his first known map, a map of Germany, in 1525. Three years later, he released a treatise on sundials. In 1540, he published Geographia universalis vetus et nova, an updated edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia. In addition to the Ptolemaic maps, Münster added 21 modern maps. One of Münster’s innovations was to include one map for each continent, a concept that would influence Ortelius and other early atlas makers. The Geographia was reprinted in 1542, 1545, and 1552.  

He is best known for his Cosmographia universalis, first published in 1544 and released in at least 35 editions by 1628. It was the first German-language description of the world and contained 471 woodcuts and 26 maps over six volumes. Many of the maps were taken from the Geographia and modified over time. The Cosmographia was widely used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The text, woodcuts, and maps all influenced geographical thought for generations.

Place/Date:
Basel / 1550 circa
Size:
15.5 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
78805
Place/Date:
Basel / 1550 circa
Size:
15.25 x 10 inches (including text)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
78931
Place/Date:
Basel / 1550 circa
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
95847
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552 circa
Size:
14.5 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
75727
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552
Size:
16 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77566
Place/Date:
Basel / 1552 circa
Size:
14 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
81273
Place/Date:
Basel / 1552
Size:
9 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
90564
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552 circa
Size:
15 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
94434
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552
Size:
15 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
100585
Place/Date:
Basle / 1554 circa
Size:
6 x 10.3 inches (Including text)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
73670
Place/Date:
Basel / 1554
Size:
6 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
83135
Place/Date:
Basel / 1554
Size:
30.5 x 9.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
86508
Place/Date:
Basel / 1554 circa
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
81282
Place/Date:
Basel / 1554
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
81285
Place/Date:
Basel / 1554 circa
Size:
12 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
81286
Place/Date:
Basle / 1554
Size:
6.5 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
73700
Place/Date:
Basle / 1554
Size:
7 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
87154
Place/Date:
Basle / 1555
Size:
21.5 x 14 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
57814
Place/Date:
Basel / 1555
Size:
5.25 x 5 inches
Condition:
Good
Stock#:
78565
Place/Date:
Basel / 1555 circa
Size:
7.4 x 5.9 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
78641
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560 circa
Size:
13.5 x 9.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
26079
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560 circa
Size:
6 x 4 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
70795
Place/Date:
Basel / 1560 circa
Size:
12 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
81268
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560 circa
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
83124
Place/Date:
Basel / 1560 circa
Size:
8 x 12 inches (sheet size)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75156
Place/Date:
Basel / 1560
Size:
12 x 8 inches (sheet size)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75325
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560
Size:
6.25 x 5.75 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75407
Place/Date:
Basel / 1560
Size:
5.5 x 3.5 inches (sheet size)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75443
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560 circa
Size:
7 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77379
Place/Date:
Basel / 1560 circa
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
90175
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560
Size:
6 x 5.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
101319
Place/Date:
Basel / 1560
Size:
8 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
102986
Place/Date:
Basle / 1561
Size:
5.25 x 6.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75104
Place/Date:
Basle / 1570 circa
Size:
15 x 4 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
26167
Place/Date:
Basel / 1570
Size:
5 x 6 inches Second image (6 x 5)
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
66222
Place/Date:
Basle / 1570 circa
Size:
14 x 10.5 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77630

Archived

Place/Date:
Venice / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94628
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
15 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94629
Place/Date:
Basel / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94630
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94632
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94640
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94643
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94642
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
94644
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
94646
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
95905
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
95906
Place/Date:
Basel / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
95907
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
95913
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
95915
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
95916
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
96561
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
96565
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
96982
Place/Date:
Basel / 1540
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
96985
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
96997
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
96998
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
97001
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
97003
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
97004
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
97609
Place/Date:
Basel / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
98106
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
100311
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
14097
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2291
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2314
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2316
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2321
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2322
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2324
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2327
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2329
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
2330
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2333
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2334
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2335
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2338
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2339
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2340
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2342
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2343
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2346
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
2351