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Sebastian Münster (1488-1552) was a cosmographer and professor of Hebrew who taught at Tübingen, Heidelberg, and Basel. He settled in the latter in 1529 and died there, of plague, in 1552. Münster made himself the center of a large network of scholars from whom he obtained geographic descriptions, maps, and directions.

As a young man, Münster joined the Franciscan order, in which he became a priest. He then studied geography at Tübingen, graduating in 1518. He moved to Basel, where he published a Hebrew grammar, one of the first books in Hebrew published in Germany. In 1521 Münster moved again, to Heidelberg, where he continued to publish Hebrew texts and the first German-produced books in Aramaic. After converting to Protestantism in 1529, he took over the chair of Hebrew at Basel, where he published his main Hebrew work, a two-volume Old Testament with a Latin translation.

Münster published his first known map, a map of Germany, in 1525. Three years later, he released a treatise on sundials. In 1540, he published Geographia universalis vetus et nova, an updated edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia. In addition to the Ptolemaic maps, Münster added 21 modern maps. One of Münster’s innovations was to include one map for each continent, a concept that would influence Ortelius and other early atlas makers. The Geographia was reprinted in 1542, 1545, and 1552.  

He is best known for his Cosmographia universalis, first published in 1544 and released in at least 35 editions by 1628. It was the first German-language description of the world and contained 471 woodcuts and 26 maps over six volumes. Many of the maps were taken from the Geographia and modified over time. The Cosmographia was widely used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The text, woodcuts, and maps all influenced geographical thought for generations.

Place/Date:
Basle / 1570 circa
Size:
15 x 4 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
26167
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
21698
Place/Date:
Basel / 1588 circa
Size:
14 x 12.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
68682
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
70464
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
80546
Place/Date:
Basle / 1570 circa
Size:
28 x 10 inches
Condition:
Good
Stock#:
38390pb
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
71170
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
5.5 x 3 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
71244
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552 circa
Size:
14.5 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
75727
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552
Size:
16 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77566
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552
Size:
14 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
75786
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560 circa
Size:
6 x 4 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
70795
Place/Date:
Basle / 1590
Size:
14 x 12.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
69621
Place/Date:
Basle / 1554 circa
Size:
6 x 10.3 inches (Including text)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
73670
Place/Date:
Basle / 1554
Size:
6.5 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
73700
Place/Date:
Basle / 1545
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
Stock#:
74845
Place/Date:
Basle / 1545
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
74886
Place/Date:
Basle / 1542
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
74916
Place/Date:
Basle / 1545
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75698
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552
Size:
15 x 11.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
75746
Place/Date:
Basle / 1545 circa
Size:
13 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
75888
Place/Date:
Basle / 1545
Size:
13 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
75949
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550
Size:
7 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77251
Place/Date:
Basle / 1580 circa
Size:
11.5 x 7.5 inches (including text)
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
77212
Place/Date:
Basel / 1550
Size:
15 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77299
Place/Date:
Basel / 1550 circa
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77668
Place/Date:
Basle / 1560 circa
Size:
7 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77379
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
6 x 10 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77774
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552 circa
Size:
14 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
70181mp2
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550 circa
Size:
6 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
78197
Place/Date:
Basel / 1584 circa
Size:
6 x 5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77813
Place/Date:
Basle / 1570 circa
Size:
14 x 10.5 inches Including Text
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77630
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550 circa
Size:
14.8 x 10.8 inches (including text)
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
77890
Place/Date:
Basel / 1550 circa
Size:
6 x 4.25 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
78391
Place/Date:
Basel / 1560 circa
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
78519
Place/Date:
Basel / 1555 circa
Size:
7.4 x 5.9 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
78641
Place/Date:
Basel / 1555 circa
Size:
5.25 x 5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
78564

Archived

Place/Date:
Basle / 1552
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1712
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550
Size:
15 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0002
Place/Date:
Basle / 1540
Size:
10 x 14 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9114
Place/Date:
Basle / 1552
Size:
13.5 x 10.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0223
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550
Size:
5.5 x 3.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0412
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550
Size:
5.5 x 3.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0413
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550
Size:
4.5 x 3 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
0414
Place/Date:
Basle / 1550
Size:
4.5 x 3 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
0417
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4982
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 14 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4984
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4985
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4988
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4989
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
4981
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
4983
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9300
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9302
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9303
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9312
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9313
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9314
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
15 x 6 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9315
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
15.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9316
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
12 x 9 inches
Condition:
VG-
Stock#:
9317
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9318
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
12 x 8.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9319
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
15 x 11 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9320
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
15 x 7 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9321
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
15 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9322
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13 x 9 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9323
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
12 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9324
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
12 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9325
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
28 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9326
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
16 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9327
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
15.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9328
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9329
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 8 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9331
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
15 x 7 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9332
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
14 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
9333
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
7 x 6.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4971
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
4973
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
4974
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4976
Place/Date:
Basle / 1579
Size:
13.5 x 10 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
4977