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G. W. & C. B. Colton was a prominent family firm of mapmakers who were leaders in the American map trade in the nineteenth century. Its founder, Joseph Hutchins Colton (1800-1893), was a Massachusetts native, born in 1800. Colton did not start in the map trade, rather, he worked in a general store from 1816 to 1829 and then as a night clerk at the United States Post Office in Hartford, Connecticut. By 1830, he was in New York City. That was where he set up his publishing business a year later.

The first printed item with his imprint is dated 1833, a reprint of S. Stiles & Company’s edition of David Burr’s map of the state of New York. He also printed John Disturnell’s map of New York City in 1833. Next, in 1835, Colton published John Farmer’s important maps of Michigan and Wisconsin. Colton’s next cartographic venture was in 1835, when he acquired the rights to John Farmer’s seminal maps of Michigan and Wisconsin. Another early and important Colton work is his Topographical Map of the City and County of New York and the Adjacent Country (1836). In 1839 Colton began issuing his Western Tourist and Emigrant’s Guide, which was originally issued by J. Calvin Smith.

During this first decade, Colton did not have a resident map engraver; he relied upon copyrights purchased from other map makers, most often S. Stiles & Company, and later Stiles, Sherman & Smith. Smith was a charter member of the American Geographical and Statistical Society, as was John Disturnell. This connection would bear fruit for Colton during the early period in his career, helping him to acquire the rights to several great maps. By 1850, the Colton firm was one of the primary publishers of guidebooks and immigrant and railroad maps, known for the high-quality steel plate engravings with decorative borders and hand watercolors.

In 1846, Colton published Colton’s Map of the United States of America, British Possessions . . . his first venture into the wall map business. This work would be issued until 1884 and was the first of several successful wall maps issued by the firm, including collaborative works with D.G. Johnson. From the 1840s to 1855, the firm focused on the production of railroad maps. Later, it published a number of Civil War maps.

In 1855, Colton finally issued his first atlas, Colton’s Atlas of the World, issued in two volumes in 1855 and 1856, but later, in 1857, the work was reduced to a single volume under the title of Colton’s General Atlas, which was published in largely the same format until 1888. It is in this work that George Woolworth (G. W.) Colton’s name appears for the first time.

Born in 1827 and lacking formal training as a mapmaker, G. W. joined his father’s business and would later help it to thrive. His brother Charles B. (C. B.) Colton would also join the firm. Beginning in 1859, the General Atlas gives credit to Johnson & Browning, a credit which disappears after 1860, when Johnson & Browning launched their own atlas venture, Johnson’s New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas . . .which bears Colton’s name as the publisher in the 1860 and 1861 editions.

J.H. Colton also published a number of smaller atlases and school geographies, including his Atlas of America (1854-56), his Illustrated Cabinet Atlas (1859), Colton’s Condensed Cabinet Atlas of Descriptive Geography (1864) and Colton’s Quarto Atlas of the World (1865). From 1850 to the early 1890s, the firm also published several school atlases and pocket maps. The firm continued until the late 1890s, when it merged with a competitor and then ceased to trade under the name Colton.

Place/Date:
New York / 1858
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
60379
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
60380
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
60595
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
61202
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
63773
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
26 x 17 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
65751
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
31 x 28.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
66179mj
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
66349
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
12.5 x 15.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
66804

Archived

Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
10802
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
10805
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
25 x 15.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
10854
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
10855
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
26 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1118p
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
11588
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
25 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11589
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
26 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11590
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
11593
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
12587
Place/Date:
New York / 1865
Size:
26 x 16 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
11247
Place/Date:
New York / 1873
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11283
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 12 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11345
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
11363
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
25 x 16.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11370
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11371
Place/Date:
New York / 1860
Size:
25 x 15.5 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11398
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
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11415
Place/Date:
New York / 1858
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
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11494
Place/Date:
New York / 1863
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
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1151p
Place/Date:
New York / 1859
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1152p
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
11549
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1161
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
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1165
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1166
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
1168
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1169
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1171
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1173
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1176
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1178
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1180
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1182
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1183
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 12.5 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1184
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1185
Place/Date:
New York / 1856
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1186
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1187
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1188
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1189
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1192
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG
Stock#:
1193
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1194
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15.5 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1195
Place/Date:
New York / 1855
Size:
15 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
1196
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
12324
Place/Date:
New York / 1857
Size:
16 x 13 inches
Condition:
VG+
Stock#:
12325