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Description

Important early map of Minnesota, engraved by Major & Sarony for the General Land Office and prepared by Joseph Gorlinski. This is perhaps the most detailed and accurate of all early Minnesota maps. 71 Counties are shown. The extent of the township surveys in the south and east are noted. Gold and Copper regions are shown in St. Louis County. The river system in the North is well depicted. The land grant railroads and their six mile limits are noted, along with 15 and 20 miles limites. Completed railroads and projected railroads are also noted. Land office seats, surveyor general seats, copper, iron and gold mines are shown throughout. These linen backed GLO maps are becoming increasingly rare on the market and are an essential part of the early cartography of most states west of the Mississippi and important maps for state collectors. Minor fold splits, but generally in excellent condition.

General Land Office Biography

The General Land Office (GLO) refers to the independent agency in the United States that was in charge of public domain lands. Created in 1812, it assumed the responsibilities for public domain lands from the United States Department of the Treasury. The Treasury had overseen the survey of the Northwest Territory, but as more area was added to the United States, a new agency was necessary to survey the new lands.

Eventually, the GLO would be responsible for the surveying, platting, and sale of the majority of the land west of the Mississippi, with the exception of Texas. When the Secretary of the Interior was created in 1849, the GLO was placed under its authority. Until the creation of the Forest Service in 1905, the GLO also managed forest lands that had been removed from public domain. In additional to managing the fees and sales of land, the GLO produced maps and plans of the areas and plots they surveyed. In 1946, the GLO merged with the United States Grazing Service to become the Bureau of Land Management.