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Stock# 98893

19th-Century Mexican Atlas

First edition of this important work, illustrated with 33 maps.

This Mexican atlas includes a separate map for each state and territory of Mexico, along with thematic maps, such as education, hydrography, and mining. The accompanying text pages include statistical and geographical descriptions of each area. The map of Baja California locates pearl fisheries. 

The text accompanying the map of Sonora is interesting for mentioning the Indian tribes inhabiting the state, singling out the Apache and Seri as being in "a savage state":

Constituyen las principales tríbus que habitan las ricas comarcas de Sonora, los ópatas, pimas, pápagos, yaquis, mayos, y en estado salvaje los apaches y series.

García Cubas, a giant of Mexican geography and cartography, is known as "el fundador de nuestra geografia como ciencia" (Dicc. Porrua).

The present educational atlas was in many ways a transitional work for García Cubas, issued after his large-scale Atlas Geografico (1858), but before his famous pictorial atlas, Atlas Pintoresco é Historico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (1885). The latter has been hailed for "seamlessly integrating... diverse imagery with maps, [in which] García Cubas displays his skillfulness with cartographic and geographic bricolage." - Magali M. Carrera, Traveling from New Spain to Mexico: Mapping Practices of Nineteenth-Century Mexico (2011). In the present atlas the "bricolage" is achieved through a thoughtful combination of maps and explanatory text, all designed to aid the student. The atlas opens with four separate maps of the entire nation of Mexico (i.e. state boundaries; physical geography; rivers; coasts and islands), setting the stage for the informative individual state maps that comprise the remainder of the volume.

Condition Description
Small folio. Contemporary full calf. Spine gilt. Spine ends chipped. Corners and binding edges show wear. Touch of soiling to margins of title page. The maps very clean and nice. 54 pages plus 33 maps (on 17 sheets). Complete. Small unobtrusive 19th-century private ownership blindstamp in upper margin of title page.
Antonio Garcia y Cubas Biography

Antonio García y Cubas (1832-1912) was a Mexican geographer, historian, writer, and cartographer. An orphan from a young age, Cubas attended the Colegio de San Gregorio and the Colegio de Ingenieros, where he earned a geography degree. In 1856, he became a member of the Sociedad Mexicana de Geografía y Estadística.

Cubas wrote several geographic works, including introductory courses to geography, historical atlases, and maps. He is best known for his Atlas Geográfico, Estadístico e Histórico de la República Mexicana (1857), Carta General de México (1863), and Diccionario Geográfico, Histórico y Biográfico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos en cinco volúmenes, editados entre 1888 y 1891. He is also praised for his memoir, El Libro de mis Recuerdos (1905). Today, the best books published in anthropology and history in Mexico are given the Antonio García Cubas prize.