This map, produced by Adam & Charles Black in 1852, provides a detailed view of California, Mexico, Texas, and the Southwest. It showcases the region as it existed before the Gadsden Purchase.
Within the map, the pre-Gadsden Treaty border with Mexico is presented. The "Indian Territory" is depicted in its Tomahawk configuration. The entire area of Upper California is included with markers for missions and early forts, which were relevant during the gold discovery period. Several settlements and forts near "Youtah" and the Great Salt Lake are also marked.
Gold regions are noted throughout California.
The territories of New Mexico and Utah are displayed, and Texas is represented with an irregular shape, including details of early roads, forts, and towns. The map also presents features like mountains, rivers, and lakes. As a product of its time, this map offers an insightful depiction of the American West in the early 19th century.