"Showing Discoveries of Greater in Importance and Number Than . . . Any Other Single Navigator in Northern Waters" (Hill)
Scarce map of the Polar regions of the Arctic, published in 1820 in Edinburgh.
The map was used to illustrated volume 1 of William Scoresby's An account of the Arctic regions with a history and description of the northern whale-fishery . . . , published in Edinburgh in 1820.
William Scoresby drew this chart after John Ross returned from his 1818 voyage in search of a North-West passage. Ross reported that his route through Lancaster Sound was blocked by a range of mountains that he saw ahead but Scoresby's chart does not close off the sound entirely.
The first volume of this work relates to the progress of discovery in the Arctic regions, and the natural history of Spitzbergen and the Greenland sea; the second is devoted to the whale-fishery as conducted in the seas of Greenland and Davis's Strait. "Geographically [Scoresby's] discoveries were greater in importance and number than those of any other single navigator in northern waters" - Hill.
The Lizars were a Scottish family of engravers and printers who produced many views and maps. Daniel Lizars Sr. (1754-1812) was the son of a shoemaker, but he apprenticed with Andrew Bell, a printer and engraver. Lizars set up his own printworks near St. Giles Cathedral and took on his own apprentices, including George Bartholomew, whose son John would go on to found the important mapmaking firm later know as John Bartholomew & Son Ltd.
Daniel Sr. had three sons: Daniel Jr., John, and William Home. He also had a daughter, Jane Home. Daniel Jr. (1793-1875), the youngest of the boys, apprenticed in his father’s shop alongside George Bartholomew. When his father died in 1812, Daniel Jr. took over much of the business, expanding it and specializing in maps. The company went bankrupt in 1832, however, and Daniel emigrated to Canada.
John Lizars (1792-1860), the middle son, studied medicine and became Professor of Surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, as well as senior surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh.
William Home Lizars (1788-1859), the eldest, also apprenticed in his father’s shop. After learning engraving, William entered the Trustees’ Academy to learn under John Graham. He was a skilled painter and artist. When his father died, and after his Daniel Jr. left, he carried on printing and invented a method of etching that looks like wood engraving.