Texas & Upper California on the Eve of the American Westerward Expansion.
First edition of Finley's early map of Texas, Upper California, New Mexico and Mexico proper, from Finley's General Atlas.
The map shows Upper California (New Albion and New California) and the Spanish Intendencies of San Luis Potosi, New Mexico, Durango and Sonora, among others,. at a time when the first Americans were drifting into Texas and New Mexico and on the eve of Jedidiah Smith's first trip to California in 1826-27.
Includes the mythical lakes of Timpanogos and Teguayo on the River Buenaventura, which reached from SF Bay to Salt Lake.
The Carnacaways Indians are shown in Texas, as is St. Antonio and St. Jose, along with Galveston, Loredo, Mier and other early place names.
Anthony Finley (1784-1836) was an American map publisher. Little is known about his life. He is presumed to have been born in Philadelphia, where he also died. A publisher, Finley was also involved in several Philadelphia civic and professional societies such as the Philadelphia Apprentices’ Library. He may have been in business as early as 1809 and his first publication dates from ca. 1811.
His first maps also date from this year, with two maps in Daniel Edward Clarke’s Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa. The first atlas published by Finley appeared in 1818, the Atlas classica, or, Select maps of ancient geography, both sacred and profane, for the use of colleges and schools in the United States. He is best known for his A New General Atlas Comprising a Complete Set of Maps (1824), which was a bestseller. There were two editions in 1824, with annual editions until 1834.
Finley was part of the first generation of American publishers who produced high quality, precise maps on American soil. He was in competition with other Philadelphia publishers, for example Henry S. Tanner. Finley’s A New American Atlas Designed Principally to Illustrate the Geography of the United States of America (1826) closely mirrors Tanner’s A New American Atlas Containing Maps of the Several States of the North American Union, with similar groupings of maps; the main difference is the smaller scale of Finley’s maps. Finley printed two editions of this atlas.