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Important early modern map of Scandinavia, Iceland, and the Baltic, published in Venice by Giacomo Gastaldi.

Gastaldi's modern map of Scandinavia and environs "built upon previous publications, in particular, the representation was based on the map of [Jacob] Ziegler [and Sebastian Munster]." (Ginsberg). In describing Ziegler's map of 1532, Ginsberg notes that Ziegler's map:

was the first different--that is non derivative and consequential--representation of Scandinavia in the fifty years after the publication of the Ulm atlas in 1482. The north-south orientation of both Scandinavian and Finnish peninsulas are depicted more accurately, and many place-names and features can be readily identified. . .
One map historian commented that Ziegler's rendition was the first map that gave Scandinavia a more or less correct shape, and that it represented a marked improvement on Claudius Clavus's map of a century earlier, which was one of the sources of the 1482 Ulm Ptolemy map."

Giacomo Gastaldi was one of the most important Italian mapmakers of the early 16th Century. His set of maps for the 1548 edition of the 'Geographia' are among the earliest examples of his work, in a long and distinguished career. This edition was the first pocket-sized edition. Despite being prepared on a small format, the maps are clearly and attractively engraved. Gastaldi was the first to add regional maps of the American continent, with important maps of the eastern seaboard, a map of what is now the southern United States, of South America, and separate maps of Cuba and Hispaniola. Gastaldi published only a single edition, but his maps were copied by Girolomo Ruscelli for over 50 years.

Giacomo Gastaldi Biography

Giacomo Gastaldi (1500-1566) is considered the foremost Italian cartographer of the sixteenth century, alongside Paolo Forlani. His skills of compilation are comparable to those of Mercator and Ortelius, yet much less is known of his life than of his two contemporaries. Gastaldi was born in Villafranca, Piedmont, but had established himself in Venice by 1539. He originally worked as an engineer, but turned to mapmaking from the 1540s onward.

It was in Venice where he made his reputation as an engraver, geographer, and cosmographer; for example, he was asked to fresco maps of Asia and Africa in the Palace of the Doge, or the Council of Ten, Venice’s governmental body. He also frequently consulted on projects for the Savi sopra la Laguna, drawing maps for this body which oversaw the regulation of fresh and salt water around Venice. 

His contemporaries also recognized his skill, as he was named cosmographer to the Republic of Venice, was a member of the Accademia Veneziana, and was a major source for other geographers and mapmakers including Camocio, Bertelli, Cock, Luchini, and Ortelius. He even had his own distinct style of copper engraving that made him a pioneer in his day and makes his works iconic today.

Gastaldi enjoyed an especially productive relationship with Giovanni Battista Ramusio, Secretary of the Venetian Senate, who used Gastaldi's maps for his famous travel account collection, Navigationi et Viaggi. Gastaldi also tutored Ramusio's son in cosmography.