Finely engraved portrait of Spanish historian and Spanish court official Peter Martyr d'Anghiera (1457-1526), one of the most important contemporary historians for the earliest accounts of explorations in the New World.
Martyr most important work, Decades . . . , was published from 1511 to 1530, recording the earliest European exploration of America as it was reported to the Spanish Crown. His posthumous De Orbe Novo of 1530 reveals the first contacts of Europeans and Native Americans and his map of 1511 which appeared in Legatio Baylonica is generally considered the first printed map to focus solely on a part of America.
The present work is engraved by Hendrik Hondius I and appeared in Jacob Verheiden's Praestantium aliquot theologorum ... effigies' , a work compiling the portraits of famed scholars of the time, which was first published in 1599
The four verses in Latin are:
"Tuscia te pepulit, Germania et Anglia fouit, Martyr, quem extinctum, nunc tegit Helvetia. Discere quae si vera volent, re et nomine dicent, Hic fideus Christi (credite) Martur eratissm.."
Translation: "Tuscany produced you, Martyr, Germany and England fostered you, You whom Switzerland now keeps safe in your death. If they want to speak the truth, let them say that in deed and name, You were indeed a true witness of Christ."