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Wonderful early landscape photograph of St. Paul, Minnesota, by William H. Illingworth, republished by Edward A. Bromley after his acquisition of the plates.

The bird's-eye view looks east down 4th Street in present-day downtown St. Paul. The caption mentions Winslow House (burned in 1862) and the (second) St. Paul Cathedral, which was completed in 1858.

Illingworth is probably best known today for his work on the 1874 Custer Expedition to the Black Hills. Illingworth failed to provide Captain Ludlow with the required number of plates of images he took on the expedition and it became a matter of legal dispute.

Illingworth's images of the 1874 expedition remained in his possession until his death and were later rediscovered in his attic.

We have previously handled another example of this very rare image. Both examples of the image were deaccessioned from Minnesota institutions, indicating their extreme rarity.


Deaccessioned from the James J. Hill Reference Library, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Condition Description
Albumen print mounted on card (slight waviness to the card). Numbered "47" in ink along the upper right corner of the mount. Ink-stamped on verso "Published by E. A. Bromley, Minneapolis, from the original Upton negatives." and "Hill Reference Library St. Paul". With Hill Reference Library call numbers on verso. Early manuscript labels on recto.
Edward A. Bromley Biography

Edward A. Bromley (September 24, 1848 - June 21, 1925) was a native of New Haven, Connecticut, who arrived in Minnesota with his parents in 1867. Bromely was a reporter and photographer for the St. Paul Pioneer Press and was a true collector and historian at heart. He began collecting coins but quickly transitioned into early photography, particularly original matrixes made in Minnesota from 1849 onward.

Bromley's first purchase of negatives was from Benjamin F. Upton of St. Anthony, from whom he purchased over 500 negatives in 1878 when Upton relocated to Florida.

He then purchased 1600 negatives of landscape views and related scenes from William H. Illingworth's gallery in St. Paul.

Over the course of his first ten years of collecting, Bromley purchased the negatives and plates of 30 other local photographers (including Pepper, Jacoby, Rugg, and Harvey) altogether increasing the collection to about 7000 original matrixes.

Bromley was a photographer himself, and in addition to the work he did for the newspapers he worked for, he photographed Minnesota Indian tribes and important local figures.

Bromley sold a portion of his collection to the Minneapolis Public Library in 1914. Bromley published several books that were illustrated by prints from his collection.

Bromley's preface to his 1890 Minneapolis Album is instructive for understanding his motivation and process for acquiring and publishing historical photographs of Minnesota. While the text refers specifically to Minneapolis, the thoughts apply to all of his published work, including the photographs he published of St. Paul:

In offering this volume to the public derive especial satisfaction, from the fact that it is unlike any other ever published. Its originality consists in the fact that although it comprises the earliest history of the city, the plates, with one exception, are all sun pictures. When I began, fourteen years ago, to collect material for this work, my aim was to secure views of old St. Anthony and Minneapolis that had been made by chemical processes in the sunlight, and so working back to first principles, I purchased several rare daguerreotypes, and then two that had been made by Daguerre's process on leather. These I supplemented with several ambrotypes, and subsequently was fortunate in securing the first glass negatives made in the Northwest, they being the handiwork of those veteran photographers, B. F. Upton and J. E. Whitney, and dating back to 1857. When this point had been reached I was in possession of material that presented in a picturesque and attractive form the history of Minneapolis from the log cabin period of the Steele, Pond, Bottineau, and Russell epoch to the days of the suspension bridge, the court house, the saw mills, and the Winslow and Nicollet hotels. At this point, although still drawing material from, the negatives of the gentlemen above referred to, I was enabled, through the kindness of A. H. Beal and W. H. Jacoby, to enrich my collection with negatives taken by them at intervals between 1860 and 1880, thereby rounding out the work which I had begun with scanty material. Several instances will be noticed in which pictures have been introduced that are not of a purely local character. They were inserted because the citizens of St. Anthony and Minneapolis were either active participants in the events so pictured, as in the case of the Indian outbreak, and the massing of troops at Fort Snelling for the civil war, or were otherwise especially interested in the scenes depicted. The descriptions accompanying the plates were written after diligent search among the files of old newspapers, rigid cross-examination of old settlers, and occasional delving into musty volumes that recorded the deeds of the worthy pioneers of this great city. It is my hope that all the readers of this book may derive pleasure from its perusal, and that it will awaken in the minds of the old settlers many enjoyable reminiscences.

MINNEAPOLIS, September 10, 1890.


See the Hennepin County Library Digital Collections record for Edward A. Bromley.