Scarce pair of plans of Jerusalem, comparing the plans of two different holy land scholars.
At the left is the plan of Burchard of Mount Sion, also called Brocard or Brocardi, a German Dominican friar, pilgrim who travelled to the Middle East at the end of the 13th century. His acccount, Locorum Terræ Sanctæ descriptio, is one of the most important early accounts of the Holy Land and one of the last medieval accounts prior to the fall of the Latin Kingdom in 1291.
At the right is the plan of Juan Bautista Villalpando (1552-1608). Villalpando's was a well regarded Spanish Jesuit priest, scholar, mathematician and architect, whose writings on the prophecies of Eziekel at the end of the 16th Century were extremely influential. His plan of Jerusalem was one of the most often copied plans of ancient Jerusalem in the 17th Century.