Detailed antique map of Florida issued during the Second Seminole War.
The map shows swamps, Native American villages, General Gains' camps, General Scott's armies and camps, and sites of battles fought.
The map provides a fascinating historical overview of the military operations during the first part of the Second Seminole War.
The Second Seminole War (1835-1842), was the result of the United States government attempting to force the Seminoles to leave Florida altogether, as described in the Treaty of Payne's Landing of 1832, which Seminole leaders claimed that they signed under duress. Battles and skirmishes raged throughout the Florida peninsula, with the outgunned and outnumbered Seminoles often using guerrilla warfare tactics, and both sides massacring civilians during the conflict.
The war eventually resulted in most of the Seminole population in Florida being killed in battle, ravaged by starvation and disease, or relocated to Indian Territory in modern Oklahoma. A few hundred Seminoles were allowed to remain in an unofficial reservation in southwest Florida.