The Birth of the Austrian Empire
Rare early map of the Austrian Monarchy based upon treaties signed in 1802, 1803 and 1809.
The map shows the Austrian Empire in the year it became allied with France during the invasion of Russia.
The map illustrates the birth of the Austrian Empire. The empire was proclaimed by Francis II in 1804 in response to Napoleon's declaration of the First French Empire, unifying all Habsburg possessions under one central government. It remained part of the Holy Roman Empire until the latter's dissolution in 1806. It continued fighting against Napoleon throughout the Napoleonic Wars, except for a period between 1809 and 1813, when Austria was first allied with Napoleon during the invasion of Russia and later neutral during the first few weeks of the Sixth Coalition War. Austria emerged victorious in the war, and became a leading member of the German Confederation along with Prussia after the Congress of Vienna.