Charting the Western Indian Ocean
Decorative sea chart of the Indian Ocean, orientated with the north to the left.
The highly decorative chart shows the East African coast, Arabia, Madagascar and the islands of the Indian Ocean with the Seychelles and the Maldives. The sea is ornated with two sailing ships, a compass rose, at the bottom a decorative title cartouche, surrounded by African natives, next to it a mileage scale with Dutch, Spanish and English distances in nautical miles.
In this period the Dutch East India Company was leading in trading in Asia and exploring the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia.
Pieter Goos (ca. 1616-1675) was a Dutch map and chart maker, whose father, Abraham Goos (approx. 1590-1643), had already published numerous globes, land and sea maps together with Jodocus Hondius and Johannes Janssonius in Antwerp. Pieter gained recognition due to the publication of sea charts. He bought the copperplates of the famous guide book for sailors, De Lichtende Columne ofte Zeespiegel (Amsterdam 1644, 1649, 1650), from Anthonie Jacobsz. Goos published his own editions of this work in various languages, while adding his own maps. In 1666, he published his De Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Wereld, which is considered one of the best sea atlases of its time. Goos' sea charts came to dominate the Dutch market until the 1670s, when the Van Keulen family came to prominence.