Detailed map of the region from Greece, Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean to Armenia and the Caspian Sea.
The map shows region through which the Greek general Xenophon lead his troops in retreat from Babylon. The map shows Turkey and Asia Minor, naming all the great cities of the region including Bagdad, Babylon, Aleppo, and Constantinople. The Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and the Mediterranean can all be seen.
Xenophon led the Ten Thousand, a force of mainly Greek mercenary units who were hired to capture the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Younger. While their coup was successful militarily, Cyrus the Younger died and the troops were left in Assyria without employment. Following the assassination of Greek senior officers, the military genius Xenophon was elected to lead the troops home, which he helped do through numerous ruses, as recounted in his Anabasis.
Philippe Buache (1700-1773) was one of the most famous French geographers of the eighteenth century. Buache was married to the daughter of the eminent Guillaume Delisle and worked with his father-in-law, carrying on the business after Guillaume died. Buache gained the title geographe du roi in 1729 and was elected to the Academie des Sciences in the same year. Buache was a pioneering theoretical geographer, especially as regards contour lines and watersheds. He is best known for his works such as Considérations géographiques et physiques sur les découvertes nouvelles dans la grande mer (Paris, 1754).