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The Penal Colony on Devil's Island - the site of "Papillon".

Map of the Salvation Islands, including L'Ile Royale, L'Ile Saint-Joseph, and the later penal colony of L'Ile du Diable, also known for its strong currents, off the coast of French Guiana. The scale is in toises, a unit of measure used in France before the adoption of the metric system. After a major loss of colonial territory following the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Louis XV sent 12,000 people to French Guiana to populate the colony. The fraction who survived disease on the mainland in Kourou the first year named the three islands "Les Iles du Salut".

The map was made shortly after the French colonization efforts began; it was published by Jacques-Nicholas Bellin in 1764.

Condition Description
Old Color
Jacques Nicolas Bellin Biography

Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772) was among the most important mapmakers of the eighteenth century. In 1721, at only the age of 18, he was appointed Hydrographer to the French Navy. In August 1741, he became the first Ingénieur de la Marine of the Dépôt des cartes et plans de la Marine (the French Hydrographic Office) and was named Official Hydrographer of the French King.

During his term as Official Hydrographer, the Dépôt was the one of the most active centers for the production of sea charts and maps in Europe. Their output included a folio-format sea atlas of France, the Neptune Francois. He also produced a number of sea atlases of the world, including the Atlas Maritime and the Hydrographie Francaise. These gained fame and distinction all over Europe and were republished throughout the eighteenth and even in the nineteenth century.

Bellin also produced smaller format maps such as the 1764 Petit Atlas Maritime, containing 580 finely-detailed charts. He also contributed a number of maps for the 15-volume Histoire Generale des Voyages of Antoine François Prévost.

Bellin set a very high standard of workmanship and accuracy, cementing France's leading role in European cartography and geography during this period. Many of his maps were copied by other mapmakers across the continent.