Fine original antique map of the region around Nuremberg, Bamberg, and Wurzenberg in northern Bavaria, published by Nicolas Sanson in Paris in 1669. This attractively designed map shows Sanson's classic French School tendencies, with attractive and delightfully simple cartouches, forests, and other features.
The map shows a variety of provinces, palatinates, marquises, bishoprics, and other organizational structures. This map shows the region of northern Bavaria shortly after the Peace of Westphalia, the treaty that concluded the Thirty Years' War. This conflict allowed for a greater independent role for the larger ambitious states of the Holy Roman Empire, which included Catholic Bavaria. This region, as shown on the map, would continue to become ever more important during the latter half of the seventeenth century.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps; they are known for their clean style and extensive research. Sanson was largely responsible for beginning the shift of cartographic production and excellence from Amsterdam to Paris in the later-seventeenth century.
Sanson was born in Abbeville in Picardy. He made his first map at age twenty, a wall map of ancient Gaul. Upon moving to Paris, he gained the attention of Cardinal Richelieu, who made an introduction of Sanson to King Louis XIII. This led to Sanson's tutoring of the king and the granting of the title ingenieur-geographe du roi.
His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Early in his career, Sanson worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde (1658), Sanson' atlas and the first French world atlas.