Seminal map of North America and the Great Lakes, which would influence the cartography of the region for the next 100 years. Along with Sanson's Folio map issued a year earlier, this map includes many firsts and changes of great note. The Rio Grande is shown draining into the Mer Vermelio (Sea of Cortez) rather than the Gulf of Mexico. Much improvement in the drainage of the Great Lakes and St Lawrence. The map draws heavily on the Jesuit explorations to the west and the travels of the French Fur Traders. Greater detail shown in Hudson Bay than in earlier maps. Calfiornia is shown as an island, with excellent detail in the Southwest. Cibola and Conibas are named, as are the Apaches regions. The Mississippi is not yet well charted, coming prior to La Salle's reports. The classic open Great Lakes from Sanson's North American map are shown in fine detail. From the 1683 edition of Sanson's L'Amerique en Plusieurs Cartes Nouvelles… the third atlas to focus solely upon America.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps. His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Previously, Sanson had worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde.