Fascinating map of the polar regions, extending from the poles to 45 degrees latitude. The map includes a definitive Northwest Passage and a massive unknown southern continent, named for Magellan. One of the earliest maps to attempt a depiction of the polar regions in double hemisphere presentation, and including all the great myths and conjectures of the era about these two still largely unknown and undiscovered regions.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps. His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Previously, Sanson had worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde.