Detailed antique engraved map of Ukraine, Crimea, the Sea of Azov, and the northern Black Sea, issued in Paris in the latter half of the 17th century.
The map was first prepared by Nicolas Sanson in the 1660s, and then later issued by Pierre Mariette.
The northern Black Sea region was the site of many battles and wars between the Crimean Khanate (Little Tartary), Russia, and the Ottoman Empire. Around the time the map was made, the Crimean Campaigns of 1687 and 1689 resulted in the halt to Ottoman expansion in Europe and the continued independence of the Crimean Khanate.
Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps; they are known for their clean style and extensive research. Sanson was largely responsible for beginning the shift of cartographic production and excellence from Amsterdam to Paris in the later-seventeenth century.
Sanson was born in Abbeville in Picardy. He made his first map at age twenty, a wall map of ancient Gaul. Upon moving to Paris, he gained the attention of Cardinal Richelieu, who made an introduction of Sanson to King Louis XIII. This led to Sanson's tutoring of the king and the granting of the title ingenieur-geographe du roi.
His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Early in his career, Sanson worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde (1658), Sanson' atlas and the first French world atlas.