An Early Separate Map of Dakota Territory
Remarkable large format map of Dakota Territory, reporting the extent of the Land Office Surveys through 1866.
The map is centered on the Missouri River, extending to the confluence of the Yellowstone River in the northwest and the Black Hills in the southwest. It is also one of the earliest map to depict counties in Dakota Territory.
Shows early counties, township surveys, areas where Indian Title to the land has recently been "extinguished," and other early details.
One of the earliest obtainable maps to focus on Dakota Territory.
The General Land Office (GLO) refers to the independent agency in the United States that was in charge of public domain lands. Created in 1812, it assumed the responsibilities for public domain lands from the United States Department of the Treasury. The Treasury had overseen the survey of the Northwest Territory, but as more area was added to the United States, a new agency was necessary to survey the new lands.
Eventually, the GLO would be responsible for the surveying, platting, and sale of the majority of the land west of the Mississippi, with the exception of Texas. When the Secretary of the Interior was created in 1849, the GLO was placed under its authority. Until the creation of the Forest Service in 1905, the GLO also managed forest lands that had been removed from public domain. In additional to managing the fees and sales of land, the GLO produced maps and plans of the areas and plots they surveyed. In 1946, the GLO merged with the United States Grazing Service to become the Bureau of Land Management.