Wytfliet's map of Brazil is one of the earliest obtainable maps of the region. The map appeared in Wytfliet's Descriptionis Ptolemaicae Augmentum, the first atlas to focus on the mapping of the New World.
In 1597, Cornelis van Wytfliet published his Augmentum to Ptolemy's Geography. The purpose was to provide a systematic description of the Americas, a part of the world unknown to Ptolemy. Wytfliet dedicates his work to Philip III of Spain. The book is a history of the New World to date, recording its discovery, natural history, etc. Wytfliet includes nineteen maps, one of the world and eighteen regional maps of the Americas.
Cornelius de Wytfliet (ca.1550-ca. 1597) was a Flemish cartographer most famous for his Descriptionis Ptolemaicae Augmentum. The work was published in Louvain, Belgium, and had nineteen maps of the Americas.