With Full Length Portraits of Columbus, Vespucci, Magellan and Pizzaro
Striking example of Theodor De Bry's scarce and dramatic map of the New World shown in a sphere and bordered by full-length portraits of Columbus, Vespucci, Magellan and Pizarro.
The map provides an excellent up to date depiction of the Western Hemisphere at the close of the 16th Century and is richly annotated throughout, including a reference to Columbus's discovery of America in 1492 and many other annotations regarding more recent discoveries. The West Coast of America is shown in a sweeping wide configuration, with Quivira, the Straits of Anian and the great pre-California as an Island myths shown. De Bry adopts Mercator's depiction of the North Polar regions and the open Northwest Passage.
Also incorporated for the first time on an American map is information from White and Le Moyne's explorations along the Southeast Coast of North America. A massive southern Continent is shown (Terra Australis Magellanica), along with an exaggerated width for South America. The map incorporates information acquired by Cornelis Claesz in 1594 from the Lasso chart, showing a single insular Newfoundland.
The cartography for De Bry's map is derived primarily from Plancius' world map of 1594, providing a relatively correct shape for the period and showing a vast southern landmass extending from New Guinea to Tierra del Fuego and beyond. It represents a fine blend of decorative imagery and informative cartography. The map accompanies Part Six of De Bry's Grand Voyages.
Theodor de Bry (1528-1598) was a prominent Flemish engraver and publisher best known for his engravings of the New World. Born in Liege, de Bry hailed from the portion of Flanders then controlled by Spain. The de Brys were a family of jewelers and engravers, and young Theodor was trained in those artisanal trades.
As a Lutheran, however, his life and livelihood were threatened when the Spanish Inquisition cracked down on non-Catholics. De Bry was banished and his goods seized in 1570. He fled to Strasbourg, where he studied under the Huguenot engraver Etienne Delaune. He also traveled to Antwerp, London, and Frankfurt, where he settled with his family.
In 1590, de Bry began to publish his Les Grands Voyages, which would eventually stretch to thirty volumes released by de Bry and his two sons. The volumes contained not only important engraved images of the New World, the first many had seen of the geographic novelties, but also several important maps. He also published a collection focused on India Orientalis. Les Grands Voyages was published in German, Latin, French, and English, extending de Bry’s fame and his view of the New World.