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Stock# 69773
Description

With Detailed Maps of the West:

California Gold Regions, Texas and the Southwest, Florida

This compact 19th century German atlas contains an impressive collection of detailed maps by the prolific map publisher Joseph Meyer. It includes several maps of interest to the Americanist, especially one showing California during the Gold Rush, and another presenting the continuing evolution of boundaries in Texas and the Southwest in general.

Other maps of note:

N. & S. Carolina, Georgia & Florida. 1850.  Florida is outlined in blue. Inset maps of St. Augustine, Newbern, Charleston, and "Gold-Region von Nord Carolina."

Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana & Alabama. 1850. Inset map of Lake Pontchartrain.

Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky & Tennessee. 1850. Inset maps of Cincinnati and environs, Nashville, and Lexington region.

The map of California and Texas is notable for being published shortly before the Gadsden Purchase, which changed the prevailing boundaries between Mexico and the United States. In fact, the "Boundary of 1848" between the Upper and Lower California is clearly marked on Meyer's 1852 map present here.  This map shows the entire Southwest (including the region that comprises present-day Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona and Nevada), as well as northern Mexico and the Baja California peninsula. 

During the middle part of the 19th Century, there was a tremendous interest in America as a land of opportunity for Europeans seeking a fresh start. Among the most active of these immigrants were the Germans who settled in Texas. The map of California and Texas provides a detailed treatment of the region and includes a number of curious boundaries. Texas still appears in a modified "small Republic" format, with the upper half being a mis-configured New Mexico Territory, still in the characteristic shape in which it appeared when it was a Mexican Territory. Similarly, a curiously shaped Utah Territory is shown, with no actual boundary between California and Utah. Most interesting is the appearance of Apacheria, which appears to be treated as a possible territorial name for the region below 35 degrees.

The map includes many Indian Tribal names, forts, early roads, villages and settlements in the Southwest. The discovery of gold is prominently depicted in California with a gold wash coloring. Several Gold Rush towns are named, and there are marks indicating location of  "Gold M[ines]."  Although Wheat notes two other Meyer maps that depict Gold Rush-era California, he overlooked the present interesting map. 

List of the maps:

  1. Himmelskarte
  2. Orbis Veteribus notus
  3. Imperium Romanum
  4. Graecia antiqua
  5. Hispania
  6. Italia media et superior
  7. Italia inferior
  8. Asia minor
  9. Palaestina
  10. Germania et Galliae pars
  11. Welkarte nach Merkator
  12. Halbkugel der Erde
  13. Europa
  14. Asien
  15. Africa
  16. America
  17. Australien
  18. Spanien und Portugal
  19. Frankreich
  20. Italien
  21. Schweiz
  22. Deutschland
  23. Holland und Belgien
  24. Grossbritannien
  25. England
  26. Schottland
  27. Ireland
  28. Danemark
  29. Schweden und Norwegen
  30. Sud-Schweden
  31. Sud-Norwegen
  32. Europisches Russland
  33. Asiatisches Russland
  34. Polen
  35. Gouv. St. Petersburg
  36. Turkey
  37. Rumelien
  38. Serbien und Bosnien
  39. Griechenland
  40. Oesterreichischer Kaiserstaat
  41. Ungarn
  42. Bohmen
  43. Oesterreich unter der Enns
  44. Oesterreich ob der Enns
  45. Karnthen
  46. Tyrol
  47. Lombardey und Vendig
  48. Oberistalienische Staaten
  49. Sardinien
  50. Neapel
  51. Sicilien
  52. Preussen (General-Karte)
  53. Provinz Brandenburg
  54. Ost-Preussen
  55. West-Preussen
  56. Posen
  57. Pommern
  58. Schlesien
  59. Sachsen
  60. Westphalen
  61. Cleve-Berg
  62. Nieder-Rhein
  63. Schleswig
  64. Holstein und Hamburg
  65. Meklenburg
  66. Konigr. Sachsen u. Thuringen
  67. Kurhessen
  68. Hannover
  69. Oldenburg
  70. Braunschweig
  71. Waldeck und Lippe
  72. Anhlat
  73. Sachsen-Weimar
  74. Sachsen-Meiningen
  75. Schwarzburg und Reuss
  76. Nassau und Franfurt
  77. Bayern, Wurtemberg u. Baden
  78. Rheinbayern (Pfalz)
  79. Donaukreis (Wurtemberg)
  80. Holland
  81. Belgien und Luxemburg
  82. Portugal
  83. Lander des Adriameers
  84. China
  85. Ostindien
  86. Asiat. Archipel u. Neuholland
  87. Lander des Schwarzen Meers
  88. Brit. u. Russ. Nord-Amerika
  89. Vereinigte Staaten von Nord-America und Mexico
  90. Maine, Newhampshire, Massachusetts &c.
  91. New-York, Pennsylvanien &c.
  92. Nord- und Sud-Carolina &c.
  93. Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky & Tennessee
  94. Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana & Alabama
  95. Californien, Texas, New Mexico & Utah 
  96. Westindien
  97. Mittel-America
  98. Columbia, Neu-Granada, Venezuela, Ecuador. 1849.
  99. Brasilien, Guayana &c.
  100. La Plata, Chili, Bolivia. 1850. Inset of Patagonia.
  101. Sudspitze von America
  102. Nordafrica (Algier, Marocco & Tunis)
  103. Mittelafrica (Senegambien)
  104. Aegypten
  105. Umgebung von London
  106. Umgebung von Paris
  107. Erdkarte
  108. Hohenkarte der Erde
  109. Stromlangen-Karte der Erde
  110. Windkarte der Erde
  111. Regenkarte der Erde
  112. Warmekarte (Isothermen-Curven) der nordl. Halbkugel
  113. Warmekarte von Europa
  114. Vulkangurtel des Atl. Oceans
  115. Magnetische Meridiane (missing from atlas)
  116. Werthe der magnetischen Declinationen
  117. Generalekarte (Umrisse) der Pflanzengeographie
  118. Verbreitung der Culturgewachse (missing from atlas)
  119. Verbreitung der Baume und Straucher
  120. Stromgebiete in Asien und Europa
  121. Karte vom Deutschen Meere
  122. Karte vom Grossen Ocean
  123. Karte vom Indischen Meere
Condition Description
Oblong quarto. Recent half calf and marbled boards, raised bands, leather spine label. Some moderate soiling (mostly in the margins), an occasional fox mark. Withal, nearly very good. Engraved titlepage (with early ink ownership name in lower left margin, and another name in purple pencil at top of title), index leaf of maps and 121 (of 123) engraved maps with outline color. Lacking two maps: Magnetische Meridiane and Verbreitung der Culturgewachse.
Reference
Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Regions
Joseph Meyer Biography

Joseph Meyer (1796-1856) was a German publisher who released Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, a German-language encyclopedia in print from 1839 to 1984. Meyer was born in Gotha and educated as a merchant in Frankfurt, an important city in the book trade. He traveled in London in 1816 and was back in German in 1820, where he began to invest in textiles and railways. He opened his publishing operation, Bibliographisches Institut, in 1826. His publications each had a serial number, a new innovation at the time. He was best known for his atlases and the Meyers Universum (1833-1861), which featured steel-engravings of the world. The Universum stretched to 17 volumes in 12 languages and was subscribed to by 80,000 people all over Europe. Thanks to his publishing success, Meyer moved the Institut from Gotha to Hildburghausen in 1828. Meyer died in the latter city in 1856.